Dual Language Education - Selected References
Alanis, I. (2000). Students’ attitudes and perceptions in a two-way bilingual program.
The Journal of the Texas Association for Bilingual Education, 6 (1), 23-34.
Alecio-Lara, R., Galloway, M., Irby, B. J., Gómez, L., Rodriguez, L. (2004). Two-way
immersion programs in Texas, Bilingual Research Journal, 28(1).
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NY: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.
Brauer, J. Z. (1997). Learning strategies of native English-speaking fourth grade students
in a two-way bilingual education program. Unpublished manuscript, Boston University
School of Education.
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Two-Way Immersion Program. Santa Cruz, CA: Center for Research on Education,
Diversity and Excellence.
Christian, D. (1994). Two-way immersion education: Students learning through two languages.
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Christian, D., Howard, E. R., & Loeb, M. I. (2000). Bilingualism for all: Two-way immersion
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Christian, D., Montone, C. L., Lindholm, K. J., & Carranza, I. (1997). Profiles in two-way
immersion education. Washington, DC.: Center for Applied Linguistics.
Cloud, N., Genesee, F., & Hamayan E. (2000). Dual language instruction: A handbook for
enriched education. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.
Crawford, J. (1993). Bilingual education: History politics theory and practice. Los Angeles, CA:
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Cummins, J. (1981). The role of primary language development in promoting educational success
for language minority students. In J. Cummins (Ed.) Schooling and language minority students:
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Freeman, R. D. (1998). Bilingual education and social change. Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.
Freeman, Y., Freeman, D. & Mercuri, S. (2005). Dual language essentials for teachers and
administrators. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Genesee, F. (1987). Learning through two languages: Studies of immersion and bilingual education.
Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Gómez, L. (2000). Two-way bilingual education: Promoting educational and social change. The
Journal of the Texas Association for Bilingual Education, 5 (1), 43-54.
Gómez, R. & Gómez, L. (1999). Supporting dual CALP development among second language learners:
The two way model revisited. Educational Considerations Journal, 26(2) Spring 1999.
Gómez, L. & Ruiz-Escalante, J. (2005). Achieving equity through enrichment bilingual education.
In M. Littleton, A. Pankake, & Schroth (EDs.) Administration and Supervision of Special
Programs. Debuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt.
Gómez, L., Freeman, Y., & Freeman, D. (2005). Dual language education: A promising 50-50 dual
language model. Bilingual Research Journal. May.
Howard, E. R., & Christian, D. (2002). Two-way immersion 101: Designing and implementing a
two-way immersion education program at the elementary level. Santa Cruz: Center for
Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence, University of California, Santa Cruz.
Howard, E. R., Olague, N., & Rogers, D. (2003). The dual language program planner: A guide for
designing and implementing dual language programs. Santa Cruz: Center for Research on
Education, Diversity, and Excellence.
Lessow-Hurley, J. (2000) The foundations of dual language instruction. New York, NY: Longman.
Lindholm, K. J. (1999, May). Dual language education: Educational success for students of the
new millenium. Paper presented at the Region One Two-Way Bilingual Education Symposium,
Lindholm, K. J. (1992). Two-way bilingual/immersion education: Theory, conceptual issues, and
pedagogical implications. In R. V. Padilla, and A. H. Benavides (Eds.), Critical Perspectives on
Bilingual Education Research (pp. 195-220) Tempe, AR: Bilingual Press.
Lindholm-Leary, K. J. (2001). Dual language education. Cleveland: Multilingual Matters, Ltd.
Perez, B. (2004). Becoming biliterate: A study of two-way bilingual immersion education. Mahwah,
N.J.: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Ramirez, J. D., Yuen, S. D., & Ramey, D. R. (1991). Final Report: Longitudinal study of structured
immersion strategy, Early-exit and Late-exit transitional bilingual education programs for
language-minority children. San Mateo, CA: Aguirre International
Soltero, S. W. (2004). Dual Language: Teaching and learning in two languages. Boston: Pearson.
Thomas, W.P., & Collier, V.P. (2004). The astounding effectiveness of dual language education for
all. NABE Journal of Research and Practice, 2:1, Winter 2004
Thomas, W. P., & Collier, V. (2002). A national study of school effectiveness for language minority
students long term academic achievement. Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence,
Santa Cruz, CA.
Thomas, W. P., & Collier, V. (1998). School effectiveness for language minority students. Washington,
DC: George Washington University, National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (NCBE)-Resource
Thomas, W. P., & Collier, V. (1997b). Two languages are better than one. Educational Leadership, 55(4).
Torres-Guzman, M. E. (2002). Dual language programs: Key features and results (No. 14). Washington,
D.C.: National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational
Valerio, M., Gómez, L., Gómez, R. (2001). Attitudinal shifts of teachers implementing a two-way bilingual
education program. The Journal of the Texas Association for Bilingual Education, spring.
Articles to Download:
Dual Language Education: A Promising 50-50 Model (2005)
Authors: Leo Gómez, Davis Freemen, & Yvonne Freeman
Dual language Programs: Key Features and results
Author: Maria E. Torres-Guzman
The Astounding Effectiveness of Dual Language Education for All (2004)
Authors: Virginia P. Collier & Wayne P. Thomas
Promising Practices: Dual Language Enrichment for ELL Students K-12 (2006)
Author: Richard Gómez
What a Difference a Year Makes: A Large Urban District's Transformation from Remedial to an Enrichment Dual Language Education (2008)
Authors: Stacie Hill, Richard Gómez & Leo Gómez
Making Dual Language the Norm (2009)
Authors: Veronica Estrada, Leo Gómez & José Ruiz-Escalante
Diary of a Bilingual School (2012)
Educating English Learners for a Transformed World (2009)
Authors: Virginia P. Collier & Wayne P. Thomas
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